Almost all landscapes across the globe have mice. Mice are tiny rodents that nest and feed almost anywhere. The most common complaint about mice comes when they infest the interior of peoples homes. Mice, do love the warmth of human dwellings, but they can thrive in exterior conditions too.
The mouse is a small animal with an elongated and pointed muzzle, large rounded ears and bulging beaded eyes. The long, bald or slightly pubescent tail is the hallmark of the animal. Limbs that are not identical in length are adapted to digging, moving along vertical and horizontal surfaces. The length of the body of rodent can vary from 3 to 20 cm, weight – from 15 to 50 g.
For rodents to maintain constant body temperature, they need to be active during all 4 seasons, day and night. Gluttony and fussiness are characteristic features that help them survive and leave offspring all year long.
Mice will nest in areas close to food sources like fields, wooded areas and even in manmade structures on the exterior. Mice live in large families, as it is easier for them to defend themselves, get food, build houses, and raise offspring. In the mouse pack, there is a leader who maintains order in the group. Female mice are peaceful, but young males do not always reconcile with their subordinate position. The trampling of hind legs and aggressive strikes of the tail indicate the animal’s intention to conquer the “throne.” Interfamily collisions can lead to the demise of the pack.
Burrows are where mice spend most of their time. They are busy raising offspring, escaping from danger, making food stocks or resting. The maximum depth of the burrow is around 70 cm, and the total length can reach 20 m. Some species of mice build nests in the thickets of tall grasses or live in the roots of trees and old stumps.
Some homes are temporary dwellings that mice plan. The mouse hole has a sizeable nesting chamber and several entrances. In summer holes, where rodents give birth, have, grass blades, shavings, and feathers for comfort and warmth. In the colder months, mice create their own version of a pantry and have stored food.
In summer and autumn, when the harvest comes, the mice begin to prepare and stash food for the winter. The main food of these critters is – grain and as seeds found from various plants. Field mice love wheat, barley, oats, and buckwheat as well.
Rodents living in the forests feed on cedar nuts, hazelnuts, maple, beech seeds, acorns, and small insects. When they are living near water bodies, they prefer to eat leaves, roots, stems of plants, berries, grasshoppers, caterpillars, larvae, spiders and other invertebrates. House mice living next to people willingly adapt to the human diet and eat bread, meat, dairy products, and sweets. They are notorious for feeding out of com-posters and garbages.